Famous citizens of Osnabrueck
In 1720, in the neighbouring house Market 26, Justus Möser was born. He later became the diocese governor of the prince bishop Friedrich von York who was still under age at that time and who was also the last protestant bishop of Osnabrück. Furthermore, Möser was one of the publishers of the "Weekly Osnabrück broad announcements" and one of the authors of the first German social and constitutional history.
The "Patriotic fantasies“, wise essays about national economy, trade, craft, agriculture, monetary system, administration of justice and political constitution written by Möser, and published by his daughter Jenny von Voigts, even inspired the poet Goethe.
At this time the later opera composer Albert Lortzing often spent his free time in the inn in Bierstrasse. Also theatre director Pichler, of the Detmold court theatre, was a guest when his company gave guest performances at "muse's temple".
The municipal theatre in the Große Gildewart 7, on the location of the today's "Hauses der Jugend", was opened in 1819 with big celebrations. Stage and auditorium were limited in space; however, there were already boxes, parquet, 1st and 2nd rank as well as a standing gallery.
Oil and paraffin lamps illuminated the interior which in the winter was warmed up by iron stoves. The roof was leaking. The actresses and actors often had to perform under the rain, and the spectators protected themselves by umbrellas. The theatre at first was used by the company of the Detmold court theatre under the direction of August Pichler (1819-1849) later followed by other theatrical societies.
The simple theatre in the Große Gildewart has nevertheless experienced some "great moments". From 1827 to 1833 Albert Lortzing performed as an actor, singer and musician. In 1832 his singspiel "The Pole and his child" was performed for the first time here. The famous soprano Wilhelmine Schröder-Devrient (1804-1860) gave her debut here.
Another highly welcome guest in the inn in Bierstrasse was pastor Justus Wilhelm Lyra, a grandson of the owners family Tenge and composer of the famous May song.
Justus Wilhelm Lyra, born on March, 23rd 1822 in the house in Hasestrasse 55, at first was a private tutor, later a pastor. He also composed numerous chamber music, hymns and folk songs. He furthermore composed a Christmas cantata written by Matthias Claudius and the tune to Uhlands’ poem "The good companion".
Nevertheless, Lyra was mostly known for his melody to Geibels’ poem “May has come ", a song which is annually performed at the Lyrastein in the Osnabrück’s castle garden on the night of 1 May by male-voice choirs and citizens.
In about 1900 the authors Hermann Löns and Erich Maria Remarque stayed at the "Walhalla" . In Löns' city description “Hanoverian or Westphalian" (1899) we read:
„The old proud public spirit,
which made this house a jewel of this city, can be found everywhere.
Walhalla is an old, comfortable inn,
in a house that is a true gem with its colourful carvings."
In his novel "The Black Obelisk" the world-famous, Osnabrück born author Erich Maria Remarque paints a clear picture of the "Dichterklause" of the hotel:
„The Dichterklause at the hotel Walhalla is a small panelled room. A bust of Goethe is standing on a shelf with books, photographs and engravings of German classicists, romanticists and a few modern authors are hanging around. The hermitage is the meeting place for the poet's club and the spiritual élite of the city. There is a meeting every week. Even the editor of the daily paper appears occasionally and is either openly sweet-talked or secretly hated, depending on whether he has accepted or declined articles."
Osnabrück is worth a visit, and the restaurant "Walhalla" expects you. The author Erich Maria Remarque wrote in his novel "The Black Obelisk:
„Let us have a firts-class meal... Let's go to the Walhalla."